Authorities on Monday announced a new exit-and-entry regulation intended to standardize the issue of visas for foreigners， effective from September 1.
The regulations provide for 12 types of visa categories based on reasons for entry.
New and revised visa categories:
F visa: For travelers who arrive for exchanges and visits.
M visa: For travelers on trade and business missions.
Q visa: For overseas Chinese traveling for family reunions， including Q1 and Q2.
R visa: For foreign workers whose skills are urgently needed by China.
S visa: For foreigners who come for family reunions， including S1 and S2.
L visa: For general visitors.
C visa: For international flight crews.
D visa: For permanent residents.
G visa: For transit passengers.
J visa: For journalists， including J1 and J2.
X visa: For students， including X1 and X2.
Z visa: For foreign workers.
In addition， financial， educational， medical， and telecommunications institutions， when necessary， can verify foreigners' identities with exit-entry management agencies of local public security organs.
The regulations also address illegal entry， residence， and employment.
Other key norms:
Foreigners staying beyond the period permitted by his or her visa or residence certificate will be deemed to be residing illegally.
Foreigners who are admitted without visa and remain in China beyond the visa-free period and fail to apply for a stay or residence certificate will be deemed illegal.
Any foreigner who moves beyond any area to which his or her stay is restricted will also be considered illegal.
Overseas students who need to take part-time jobs or internships may， with their schools' approval， apply to the exit-entry management agencies of local public security organs and include such information in their residence certificates.
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