Knowledge on the solubility behaviour and dissolution rate of speciality and commodity polymers is very important for the use of such materials in high-tech applications. We have developed methods for the quantification and characterization of dissolved copolymers of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (VP) and vinyl acetate (VA) during dissolution in water. The methods are based on pyrolysis (Py) performed in a programmed-temperature vaporization injector with subsequent identification and quantification of the components in the pyrolysate using capillary gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). By injecting large volumes and applying cryo-focussing at the top of the column, low detection limits could be achieved.
The monomer ratio was found to have the greatest effect on the dissolution rate of the PVP-co-VA copolymers. The material with the highest amount of VA (50%) dissolves significantly slower than the other grades. Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) and Py–GC–MS were used to measure molecular weights and average chemical compositions, respectively. Combined off-line SEC//Py–GC–MS was used to determine the copolymer composition (VP/VA ratio), as a function of the molecular weight for the pure polymers. In the dissolution experiments, a constant VP/VA ratio across the dissolution curve was observed for all copolymers analysed. This suggests a random distribution of the two monomers over the molecules.
Posted: October 14, 2011, 4:20 pm
ATAS GL International B.V. has changed her name into GL Sciences B.V.. We are based in Eindhoven, The Netherlands. Founded in 1990, GL Sciences B.V specializes in development and manufacturing of...